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Massage Therapy Terminology & Glossary



I

 

 
Info Link
I-IM
 
-Ia
Condition  
-Iac
Pertaining To  
-Iasis
Abnormal Condition  
Iatr/o
Physician; Treatment  
Ibuprofen (Rx)
Brand name; Advil or Motrin. Generic name; Ibuprofen. Classified as a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID). It reduces fever, is an anti-inflammatory, and an analgesic used for treatment of whiplash, transmandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD), sprains and strains, scoliosis, sciatica, plantar fasciitis, osteoarthritis, neuropathy, muscle spasm, multiple sclerosis, hyperkyphosis, migraine headache, fibromyalgia, delayed-onset muscle soreness, carpal tunnel syndrome, and bursitis. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body. Clients who take Advil or Motrin may experience upset stomach, ringing in the ears, or headache. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.
-Ic
Pertaining To  
-Ical
Pertaining To  
Ichthy/o
Dry; Scaly  
-Ician
Specialist  
-Icle
Small  
Ide/o
Idea, Mental Images  
Idi/o
Unknown; Individual; Distinct  
Ile/o
Ileum  
Ileostomy
A surgical procedure to create an opening between the small intestine and the surface of the body.
Ileum
The terminal part of the small intestine; between the jejunum and the cecum of the large intestine.
Ileus
Paralysis of the bowel, arising from any one of several causes; stops contractions that move material through the intestine.
Ili/o
Ilium  
Ilium
One of three bones that fuse to form the pelvic ring.
Imipramine hydrochloride (Rx)
Brand name; Tofranil-PM. Generic name; Imipramine hydrochloride (HCL). Classified as a Tricyclic Antidepressant. It relieves depression and is used for treatment of depression and neuropathy. It works by restoring balance to the neurotransmitters in the brain. Clients who take Tofranil-PM may experience cardiac complications, confusion, dry mouth, drowsiness, and constipation. An abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Offer water, be patient, and help client on/off table if needed.
Imitrex (Rx)
Brand name; Imitrex. Generic name; Sumatriptan succinate. Classified as an Antimigraine. It relieves acute migraine pain and is used for treatment of Migraine headaches. It activates specific receptor subtypes in the cranial arteries and veins acting as an agonist to reduce vascular inflammation. Clients who take Imitrex may experience cardiovascular abnormalities, drowsiness, and abdominal discomfort. It is best to avoid prone position depending on comfort, and help client on/off the table.
Immun/o
Immune; Protection; Safe  
Immune
The body's ability to protect itself from acquiring a disease.
Immune response
Antigen-specific defenses mounted by activated lymphocytes; T cells and B cells; the body's response to substance perceived by the body as foreign.
Immune system
The body system that includes all the structures and processes designed to mount a defense against foreign substances and disease-causing agents.
Immunity
Resistance to disease provided by the body through specific or nonspecific immunity; the immune system is a functional system rather than an organ system in the anatomic sense; the most important immune cells are lymphocytes and macrophages; the key to immunity is the ability of the body to distinguish self from nonself; the ability of the body to resist many agents, both living and nonliving that can cause disease.
Immunology
The study of the body's immune system.
Immunocompetence
The ability of the body's immune cells to recognize (by binding) specific antigens; reflects the presence of plasma membrane-bound receptors.
Immunodeficiency disease
Disease resulting from the deficient production or function of immune cells or certain molecules (complement, antibodies, and son on) required for normal immunity.
Immunoglobulin
A protein molecule, released by plasma cells, that mediates humoral immunity; an antibody.
Immunomodulator
A subtance that affects the functioning of the immune system.
Impedance Threshold Device (ITD)
A valve device placed between the endotracheal tube and a bag-mask device that limits the amount of air entering the lungs during the recoil phase between chest compressions.
Impermeable
The quality of not permitting entry of a substance.
Impingement
An encroachment on the space occupied by soft tissue, such as nerve or muscle.
Implied consent
Type of consent in which a patient who is unable to give consent is given treatment under the legal assumption that he or she would want treatment.
IN-INE
 
In-
In; Into; Not  
-In
A Substance; Chemical; Chemical Compound  
In loco parentis
Refers to the legal responsibility of a person or organization to take on some of the functions and responsibilities of a parent.
Incident action plan
An oral or written plan stating general objectives reflecting the overall strategy for managing an incident.
Incident Command System (ICS)
System of control of the emergency scene that is set up by predetermined procedures for effective control of complex emergency operations, such as extrication operations; the origins of ICS can be traced to the fire service, but it has now been adapted for use in almost any situation requiring management of complex events; a system implemented to manage disasters and mass-casualty incidents in which section chiefs, including finance, logistics, operations, and planning, report to the incident commander.
Incident commander (IC)
The overall leader of the incident command system to whom commanders or leaders of incident command system divisions report.
Incision
A sharp, smooth cut.
Incontinence
The inability to control urination or defecation, most often because of weak pelvic floor muscles; loss of bowel and/or bladder control; may be the result of a generalized seizure.
Incubation
The period of time from a person being exposed to a disease to the time when symptoms begin.
Index of suspicion
Awareness that unseen life-threatening injuries may exist when determining the mechanism of injury.
Indications
The therapeutic uses for a specific medication.
Indirect contact
Exposure or transmission of disease from one person to another by contact with a contaminated object.
-Ine
Pertaining To  
Inertia
The reluctance of matter to change its state of motion.
INF
 
Infancy
The first year of life.
Infants
Persons who are from 1 month to 1 year of age.
Infarct
A region of dead, deteriorating tissue resulting from lack of blood supply.
Infection
The abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, with or without signs or symptoms of disease.
Infection control
Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel.
Infectious disease
A medical condition caused by the growth and spread of small, harmful organisms within the body.
Inferior
Away from the head; pertaining to a position near the tail end of the long axis of the body; also known as caudal; the part of the body or any body part nearer to the feet.
Inferior vena cava
One of the two largest veins in the body; carries blood from the lower extremities, the pelvic and abdominal organs to the heart.
Infiltration
The escape of fluid into the surrounding tissue when the IV catheter is not in the vein.
Inflammation
A protective response of the tissues to irritation or injury that may be chronic or acute; the four primary signs are redness, heat, swelling, and pain; a physiological response of the body to tissue injury; includes dilation of blood vessels and increased vessel permeability.
Inflammatory response
A sequence of events that involves chemical and celluar activation that destroys pathogens and aids in repairing tissues.
Influenza Type A
Virus that has crossed the animal/human barrier and has infected humans, recently reached a pandemic level with the H1N1 strain.
Informed consent
The process of getting a client's permission before proceeding with a healthcare treatment. The client must be fully advised and have a clear understanding of the procedures, alternative approaches, benefits, and potential consequences or contraindications. This information must be presented in a form the client or the client's guardian can understand and consent must be given without coercion.  
Infra-
Below; Inferior To; Beneath  
Infraction
Death of a body tissue, usually caused by interruption of its blood supply.
ING-INS
 
Ingestion
Taking food into the mouth; swallowing; taking a substance by mouth.
Inguin/o
Groin  
Inguinal
Pertaining to the groin region.
Inhalation
Breathing into the lungs; a medication delivery route.
Inner cell mass
A cluster of cells in the blastocyst from which the embryo develops.
Innervation
The supply of nerves to a body part.
Inorganic compounds
Chemical structures that do not have carbon and hydrogen atoms as the primary structure; a compound that lacks carbon.
Insertion
The distal attachment of a muscle; the part of a muscle that attaches farthest from the midline, or center, of the body; the more mobile attachment site of a muscle to bone; the opposite end is the origin.
Insider trading
Financial gains that individuals may make based on information about company stock not available to the public.  
Inspiration
The drawing of air into the lungs; inhalation.
Inspiratory reserve volume
The amount of air that can be inhaled after a normal inhalation; the amount of air that can be inhaled in addition to the normal tidal volume.
Insulin/o
Insulin  
Insulin
A hormone produced by the islets of Langerhans (endocrine gland located throughout the pancreas) that enables glucose in the blood to enter cells; used in synthetic form to treat and control diabetes mellitus.
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Condition characterized by an inability to metabolize carbohydrates (sugar) because of a lack of insulin.
INT-INU
 
Integrated memory
A memory that may have been painful at one time but has been remembered, understood, and accepted.  
Integrative Eclectic Shiatsu
This method utilizes Japanese Shiatsu techniques, traditional Chinese Medical theory and Western methods of soft tissue manipulation. Dietary and herbal methods are also included to create a comprehensive integrated treatment method.  
Integrity
The quality or state of being complete; unbroken condition; wholeness; honesty; and sincerity. People who possess integrity behave ethically, honor confidences, and keep their word. The three major levels of integrity are: keeping one's agreements; being true to one's principles; and the highest level is being true to oneself.  
Integument
The skin and its appendages: hair, sebaceous and sweat glands, nails, and breasts.
Integumentary system
The skin and its accessory organs.
Intellectual property
A legal concept which refers to creations of the mind (e.g., inventions, literary works, artistic works, designs, images) for which exculsive rights are recognized. Common types of intellectual property rights include copyright, trademarks, patents, and industrial design rights.  
Intended effect
The effect that a medication is expected to have on the body.
Inter-
Between  
Interactive boundary
The theory that views boundaries as existing in relationships between individuals.  
Interactive speaking
A three-step communication process of speaking, invite, and reflect.  
Intercellular
Between the body cells.
Intercellular matrix
The material between adjoining cells; especially important in connective tissue.
Interferon Beta-1A (Rx)
Brand name; Rebif or Avonex. Generic name; Interferon Beta-1A, recombinant. Classified as an Antiviral, Antiproliferative, and immunomodulator. It reduces symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis and is used for the treatment of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). It works by using the protein Interferon (not a cure) to help decrease balance problems, weakness, numbness, and slow the disease. Clients who take Avonex or Rebif may experience liver problems, depression, and flu-like symptoms. It is best to never perform deep treatment work, use caution around injection site, and never massage the day of, or day after injection.
Interferon Beta-1B (Rx)
Brand name; Betaseron. Generic name; Interferon Beta-1B, recombinant. Classified as an Antiviral, immunomodulator. It decreases Multiple Sclerosis exacerbations and is used for treatment of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). It works by decreasing the number of attacks of weakness and slow the worsening of the disease with the protein interferon. Clients who take Betaseron may experience anxiety, flu-like symptoms, depression, hemorrhage, or dizziness. It is best to never perform deep treatment work. Use caution around injection site, never massage the day of, or day after injection. Help client on/off table if needed.
Intermodal tanks
Shipping and storage vessels that can be either pressurized or nonpressurized.
Internal respiration
The exchange of gases between the tissues and blood; the use of oxygen by body cells; also called cellular respiration; the exchange of gases between the blood cells and the tissues.
Internal rotation
Medial rotary movement of a bone. Also known as rotation medially, inward rotation, and medial rotation.
International terrorism
Terrorism that is carried out by people in a country other than their own; also known as cross-border terrorism.
Interneurons
Complete the pathway between afferent and efferent neurons; also called association neurons.
Internship
A short-term program (usually less than one year) that combines on-the-job training with academic instruction for those entering the field.  
Interphase
The period during which a cell grows and carries on its activities.
Interrogatories
Written questions that the defense and plaintiff send to one another.
Interstitial
The space within an organ or tissue.
Interstitial fluid
The fluid that surrounds the cells.
Interstitial space
The space in between the cells.
Intervention model
A communication model developed by Daphne Chellos, for practitioners to use when verbal or nonverbal communication from a client is unclear or when practitioners feel their boundaries are being violated.
Intervertebral discs/disk
The discs of fibrocartilage between the vertebrae; the cushion that lies between two vertebrae.
Intimacy
A close association with, detailed knowledge of, or deep understanding of, a person.  
Intra-
Within; Into  
Intracellular
Within a cell.
Intracellular fluid
Fluid within a cell.
Intracerebral hematoma
Bleeding within the brain tissue (parenchyma) itself; also referred to as an intraparenchymal hematoma.
Intracranial pressure (ICP)
The pressure within the cranial vault.
Intractable pain
The continuation of chronic pain without active disease present or when chronic pain persists even with treatment.
Intramuscular (IM) injection
An injection into a muscle; a medication delivery route.
Intranasal (IN)
A delivery route in which a medication is pushed through a specialized atomizer device called a mucosal atomizer device (MAD) into the naris.
Intraosseous (IO)
Into the bone; a medication delivery route.
Intraosseous (IO) needles
Rigid, boring catheters placed into a bone to provide intravenous fluids.
Intrapulmonary shunting
Bypassing of oxygen-poor blood past non-functional alveoli to the left side of the heart.
Intravenous (IV)
A sterile solution or drug that is injected into the body by
venipuncture.
Intravenous Cannulation
The placement of a catheter into a vein.
Intravenous (IV) injection
An injection directly into a vein; a medication delivery route.
Intravenous (IV) therapy
The delivery of medications directly into a vein.
Intrinsic factor
A substance produced by the stomach that is required for B12 absorption.
Intrusion
When information that is related to the theme of a certain memory, but wasn't actually a part of the original episode, becomes associated with the event.  
INV-IR
 
Invert
To turn inward.
Inversion
Movement of the sole of the foot inward toward the midline.
Involuntary activities
Actions of the body that are not under a person's conscious control.
Involuntary muscle
The muscle over which a person has no conscious control; it is found in many automatic regulating systems of the body.
Iod/o
Iodine  
Ion/o
Ion; To Wander  
-Ion
Process  
Ion
An atom with a positive or negative electric char
Ion pumps
Carriers that transport substances into or out of a cell using energy.
Ionic bond
Bond formed by the complete transfer of electron(s) from one atom to another (or others); the resulting charged atoms, or ions, are oppositely charged and attract each other.
Ionizing radiation
Energy that is emitted in the form of rays, or particles.
-Ior
Pertaining To  
Ipsi-
Same  
Ipsilateral
Situated on the same side.
Ir-
In  
Ir/o
Iris  
Irid/o
Iris  
Iris
The pigmented, involuntary muscle that acts as the diaphragm of the eye; the muscle and surrounding tissue behind the cornea that dilate and constrict the pupil, regulating the amount of light that enters the eye; pigment in the tissue gives the eye its color.
Irreversible shock
The final stage of shock, resulting in death.
Irritability
Ability to respond to a stimulus; see also responsiveness.
IS-IZ
 
Is/o
Same; Equal  
Isch/o
To Hold Back; Back  
Ischemia
A temporay deficiency or decreased supply of blood to a tissue; a local decrease in blood supply; a lack of oxygen that deprives tissues of necessary nutrients, resulting from partial or complete blockage of blood flow; potentially reversible because permanant injury has not yet occurred.
Ischemic stroke
One of the two main types of stroke; occurs when blood flow to a particular part of the brain is cut off by a blockage (eg., a clot) inside a blood vessel.
Ischi/o
Ischium  
Ischium
One of three bones that fuse to form the pelvic ring.
-Ism
Process; Condition  
Isometric contraction
The action of the prime mover that occus when tension develops within the muscle but no appreciable change in the joint angle or the length of the muscle. Movement does not occur.
Isometric
Increase in tension without change in muscle length; of the same length.
Isotonic
Increase in tension with change in muscle length (shortening); concentric contraction; having a uniform tension; of the same tone.
Isotonic contraction (dynamic)
A concentric or eccentric contraction of a muscle; a muscle contraction performed with movement. The action of the prime mover that occurs when tension develops in the muuscle while it shortens or lengthens.
Isotonic crystalloids
Intravenous solutions that do not cause a fluid shift into or out of the cell; examples include normal saline and lactated Ringer's solutions.
Isotope
Different atomic form of the same element; isotopes vary only in the number of neutrons they contain.
-Ist
Specialist  
-Ithy
Erect; Straight  
-Itis
Inflammation  
-Ium
Structure; Tissue  
Ixod/i
Ticks  

 

     

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