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Massage Therapy Terminology & Glossary



O

 

  Info Link
OA-OE
 
Obesity
A condition in which a person has an excessive amount of body fat.  
Obstetr/o
Pregnancy; Birth  
Obstructive shock
Shock that occurs when there is a block to blood flow in the heart or great vessels, causing an insufficiant blood supply to the body's tissues.  
Occipital
Pertaining to the area at the back of the head.  
Occipital condyles
Elongated oval facets on the undersurface of the occipital bone on either side of the foramen magnum, which articulate with the atlas vertebra.  
Occiput
The most posterior portion of the cranium.  
Occlusion
Closure or obstruction.; a blockage, usually of a tubular structure such as a blood vessel.  
Occlusive dressing
A dressing made of Vaseline-impregnated gause, aluminum foil, or plastic that protects a wound from air and bacteria.  
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace.  
Ocul/o
Eye  
Odont/o
Tooth  
Odontoid process (Dens)
A process projecting upward from the body of the axis vertebra around which the atlas rotates.  
Odyn/o
Pain  
OF-OQ
 
Off-gassing
The emitting of an agent after exposure, for example from a person's clothes that have been exposed to the agent.  
-Oid
Resembling; Dirived From  
-Ole
Little; Small  
Ole/o
Oil  
Olecran/o
Olecranon Process; Elbow  
Olfaction
Smell.  
Olig/o
Scanty  
Om/o
Shoulder  
-Oma
Tumor; Mass; Fluid Collection  
Omphal/o
Umbilicus; Navel  
Onc/o
Tumor  
Oncotic pressure
The pressure of water to move, typically into the capillary, as the result of the presence of plasma proteins.  
-One
Hormone  
One
Mono; Uni  
One and a Half
Bi; Di  
Online discussion forums
There are many free online discussion and support groups (e.g., Facebook, LinkedIn) for various practitioners wherein you can ask questions and get answers from many others in the same or similar careers.  
On-line medical direction
Clinical type of medical direction that involves real-time direction of prehospital providers in the delivery of emergency care; also known as direct medical direction.  
Onych/o
Finger or Toe Nail  
O/o
Egg  
Oogenesis
The process of formation of the ova.  
Oophor/o
Ovary  
-Opaque
Obscure  
Open abdominal injury
An injury in which there is a break in the surface of the skin or mucous membrane, exposing deeper tissue to potential contamination.  
Open chest injury
An injury to the chest in which the chest wall itself is penetrated by a fractured rib or, more frequently, by an external object such as a bullet or knife.  
Open-ended questions
Questions for which the patient must provide detail to give an answer.  
Open fracture
Any break in a bone in which the overlying skin has been damaged.  
Open head injury
Injury to the head often caused by a penetrating object in which there may be bleeding and exposed brain tissue.  
Open injuries
Injuries in which there is a break in the surface of the skin or the mucous membrane, exposing deeper tissue to potential contamination.  
Open Kinematic chain
A position in which the ends of the limbs or parts of the body are free to move without causing motion at another joint.  
Open pneumothorax
An open or penetrating chest wall wound through which air passes during inspiration and expiration, creating a sucking sound; also referred to as a sucking chest wound.  
Operations
In incident command, the position that carries out the orders of the commander to help resolve the incident.  
Ophry/o
Eyebrow  
Ophthalm/o
Eye  
Ophthalmic
Pertaining to the eye.  
-Opia
Vision Condition  
Opioids
Any drug or agent with actions similar to morphine.  
Opisth/o
Backward; Behind  
Opportunistic pathogens
Organisms that cause disease only when the immunity is low in a host.  
Opposition
Movement of the thumb across the palmar aspect to make contact with the fingers; the action by which the thumb is used to touch the tips of the other fingers on the same hand; this unique action makes the human hand such a fine tool for grasping and manipulating things.  
OPQRST
Acronym for assessing the complaint, signs, and symptoms of a patient (Onset, Provocation, Quality, Radiation, Severity, Time); an abbreviation for key terms used in evaluating a patient's pain: Onset, Provocation or Palliation, Quality, Region/radiation, Severity, and Timing of pain.  
-Opsy
View of  
Opt/o
Eye; Vision  
Optic/o
Eye; Vision  
Optic
Pertaining to the eye.  
Optic chiasma
The partial crossover of fibers of the optic nerves.  
Optic nerve
A cranial nerve that transmits visual information to the brain.  
OR
 
-Or
One Who  
Or/o
Mouth  
Oral
Relating to the mouth.; by mouth; a medication delivery route.  
Oral glucose
A simple sugar that is readily absorbed by the bloodstream; it is carried on the EMS unit.  
Orbit
The eye socket, made up of the maxilla and zygoma.  
Orbital
Eye area.  
Orch/o
Testis  
Orchi/o
Testis  
Orchid/o
Testis  
Orencia (Rx)
Brand name; Orencia. Generic name; Abatacept. Classified as an immunosuppressant. It reduces symptoms of moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis, used in the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis. It works by weakening your immune system and decreasing inflammation. Clients who take Orencia may experience dizziness, headache, or mild pain at injection site. It is best to use caution around injection site.
-Orexia
Appetite  
Organ/o
Organ  
Organ
A part of the body formed of two or more tissues that performs a specialized function.  
Organ system
A group of organs that work together to perform a vital body function; e.g., nervous system.  
Organelles
The basic components of a cell that perform specific functions within the cell; specialized structures in a cell that perform specific metabolic functions.  
Organic brain syndrome
Temporary or permanent dysfunction of the brain, caused by a disturbance in the physical or physiologic functioning of the brain tissue.  
Organic compounds
Substances that have carbon and hydrogen as part of their basic structure; a compound containing carbon; examples include proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.  
Organism
An individual living thing.  
Orientation
The mental staus of a patient as measured by memory of person (name), place (current location), time (current year, month, and approximate date), and event (what happended).  
Oriented
Describes a patient who can state name, current location, date, etc.  
Origin
The more proximal attachment of a muscle; the part that attaches closest to the midline (center) of the body; the least movable part of a muscle; the more stationary attachment site of a muscle to a bone; the opposite end is the insertion; attachment of a muscle that remains relatively fixed during muscular contraction.  
Oropharygneal (oral) Airway
Airway adjunct designed to prevent airway obstruction by the tongue in unconscious patients; inserted upside down and rotated 180 degrees; airway adjunct inserted into the mouth of an unresponsive patient to keep the tongue from blocking the upper airway and to facilitate suctioning the airway, if necessary.  
Orotracheal
Forms the posterior portion of the oral cavity, which is bordered superiorly by the hard and soft palates, laterally by the cheeks, and inferiorly by the tongue.  
Orotracheal intubation
Endotracheal intubation through the mouth.  
Orth/o
Straight  
Orthopedic stretcher
A stretcher that is designed to be spilt into two or four sections that can be fitted around a patient who is lying on the ground or other relatively flat surface; also called an scoop stretcher.  
OS-OU
 
Osche/o
Scrotum  
-Ose
Full of; Pertaining to; Sugar  
-Osis
Condition; Usually Abnormal  
-Osmia
Smell  
Osmoreceptor
A structure sensitive to osmotic pressure or concentration of a solution.  
Osmosis
Diffusion of water from a region of lower concentration of solution to a region of higher concentration of solution across the semipermeable membrane of a cell; the diffusion of a solvent through a membrane from a diluted solution into a more concentrated one.  
Osphresi/o
Sense of Smell  
Ossicul/o
Ossicle; Small Bone  
Ossicles
The three bones of the middle ear: hammer, anvil, and stirrup.  
Oste/o
Bone  
Osteoblasts
Bone-forming cells.  
Osteoclasts
Large cells that resorb or break down bone matrix.  
Osteocyte
A mature bone cell.  
Osteokinematics
The movement of bones as opposed to the movement of articular surfaces; also known as range of motion (ROM).  
Osteon
A system of interconnecting canals in the microscopic structure of adult compact bone; unit of bone.  
Osteoporosis
A disorder of the bones in which a lack of calcium and other minerals and a decrease in bone protein leaves the bone soft. fragile, and more likely to break; an increased softening of the bone resulting from a gradual decrease in rate of bone formation; a common condition in older people; a generalized bode disease, commonly associated with postmenopausal women, in which there is a reduction in the amount of bone ass leading to fractures after minimal trauma in either sex.  
-Ostosis
Condition of the Bone  
Ot/o
Ear  
-Otia
Ear Condition  
Otic
Pertaining to the ear.  
Otolith
One of the small calcified mases in the utricle and saccule of the inner ear.  
-Ous
Pertaining to  
OV-OZ
 
Ov/o
Egg  
Ovari/o
Ovary  
Ovarian cycle
The monthly cycle of follicle development, ovulation, and corpus luteum formation in an ovary.  
Ovaries
The primary female reproductive organs that produce an ovum, or egg, that, if fertilized, will develop into a fetus.  
Ovary
The female sex organ in which ova (eggs) are produced.  
Overdose
An excessive quantity of a drug which, when taken or administered, can have toxic or lethal consequences.  
Over-the counter (OTC) medications
Medications that may be purchased directly by a patient without a prescription.  
Ovul/o
Egg  
Ovulation
The release of an ovum (or oocyte) from the ovary; the process in which an ovum is released by a follicle.  
Ovum
The female gamete (germ cell); an egg.  
Ox/o
Oxygen  
-Oxia
Oxygen  
Oxidation
The process of substances combining with oxygen or the removal of hydrogen.  
Oxy-
Swift; Sharp; Acid  
Oxycodone hydrochloride (Rx)
Brand name; OxyContin. Generic name; Oxycodone hydrochloride. Classified as an Opioid analgesic. It reduces moderate to severe pain used for treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD), and other degenerative conditions. It works as a controlled-release opioid agonist (increasing analgesic effects) pain reliever. Clients who take OxyContin may experience sedation, dry mouth, constipation, nausea, and vomiting. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Offer water and help client on/off table when needed. Ensure client's alertness for the drive home.
OxyContin (Rx)
Brand name; OxyContin. Generic name; Oxycodone hydrochloride. Classified as an Opioid analgesic. It reduces moderate to severe pain used for treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD), and other degenerative conditions. It works as a controlled-release opioid agonist (increasing analgesic effects) pain reliever. Clients who take OxyContin may experience sedation, dry mouth, constipation, nausea, and vomiting. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception. Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Offer water and help client on/off table when needed. Ensure client's alertness for the drive home.
Oxygen
A gas that all cells need for metabolism; the heart and brain, especially, cannot function without oxygen.  
Oxygenation
The process of delivering oxygen to the blood by diffusion from the alveoli following inhalation into the lungs.  
Oxygen debt
The extra amount of oxygen that must be taken in to convert lactic acid to glucose or glycogen; the volume of oxygen required after exercise to oxidize the lactic acid formed during exercise.  
Oxyhemoglobin
Hemoglobin combined with oxygen.  
Oxysm/o
Sudden  
 

 

     

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