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Massage Therapy Terminology & Glossary

 



V

 

 
Info Link
V-VEM
Vaccin/o
Vaccine  
Vag/o
Vagus Nerve  
V agent (VX)
One of the G agents; it is a clear, oily agent that has no odor and and looks like baby oil; more than 100 times more lethal than sarin and is extremely persistent.
Vagin/o
Vagina  
Vagina
The outermost cavity of a woman's reproductive system; the lower part of the birth canal.
Valence shell
The outermost energy level of an atom that contains electrons; the electrons in the valence shell determine the bonding behavior of the atom.
Valium (Rx)
Brand name; Valium. Generic name; Diazepam. Classified as a Benzodiazepine anxiolytic, skeletal muscle relaxant, anticonvulsant, and sedative. It promotes calmness and reduces muscle spasm, anxiety, and seizures in the treatment of Cerebral palsy, and Chronic fatigue syndrome. It works by enhancing the effects of GABA (Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid) a natural chemical made in the brain that blocks brain signals (neurotransmissions). Clients who take Valium may experience bradycardia, physical or psychological dependence, drowsiness, nausea, or vomiting. Deep tissue techniques are contraindicated, abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Help client on/off table, and check client's alertness for a safe drive home.
Values
Beliefs about what is intrinsically worthwhile or desirable, rather than what is right and correct.  
Valv/o
Valve  
Valvul/o
Valve  
Vapor hazard
An agent that enters the body through the respiratory tract.
Varic/o
Varicose Veins  
Vas/o
Vessel; Duct; Vas Deferens  
Vas
A duct; vessel.
Vasa deferentia
The spermatic duct of the testicles; also called vas deferens.
Vascul/o
Vessel - Blood  
Vascular
Pertaining to blood channels or vessels.
Vasoconstriction
Narrowing of blood vessels, such as with hypoperfusion or cold extremities.
Vasodilation
Relaxation of the smooth muscles of blood vessels producing dilation.
Vasomotor nerve fibers
The nerve fibers that regulate the constriction or dilation of blood vessels.
Vaso-occlusive crisis
Ischemia and pain caused by sickle-shapped red blood cells that obstruct blood flow to a portion of the body.
Vector-borne transmission
The use of an animal to spread an organism from one person or place to another.
Vector
The direction of force.
Veins
Blood vessels that collect blood from the capillaries and transport it back to the heart. 75% of the blood in the body is in the venous system. Larger veins often contain a set of valves that ensure that blood flows in the correct direction to the heart and also prevent backflow; a vessel carrying blood away from the tissues toward the heart.
VEN-VEQ
Ven/o
Vein  
Ven/i
Vein  
Vena cava
One of two large arteries that returns poorly oxygenated blood to the right atrium of the heart; two large blood vessels that drain oxygen-poor blood from the veins into the right side of the heart.
Vener/o
Venereal - Sexual Contact  
Venlafaxine hydrochloride (Rx)
Brand name; Effexor. Generic name; Venlafaxine hydrochloride. An SSNRI or Selective Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor and is classified as an Antidepressant. Used for treatment of Stress, major depression disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorders, and social phobia. It effects the chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause depression. Clients who take Effexor may experience increased blood pressure, agitation, constipation, nausea, and weakness. It is best to use caution with stimulating techniques, and abdominal massage may relieve constipation.
Ventil/o
To Aerate; Oxygenate  
Ventilation
Exchange of air between the lungs and the environment, spontaneously by the patient or with assistance from another person, such as an EMT.
Ventr/o
Belly Side of the Body  
Ventral
A synonym for anterior, usually applied to the torso; anterior or front surface of the body.
Ventral Respiratory Group (VRG)
A portion of the medulla oblongata that is responsible for modulating breathing during speech.
Ventral root
One of two roots that attaches a spinal nerve to the spinal cord.
Ventricle(s)
The two large, lower chambers of the heart; they are thick-walled and separated by a thick interventricular septum; discharging chambers of the heart; cavities within the brain; One of two (right and left) lower chambers of the heart. The left ventricle receives blood from the left atrium (upper chamber) and delivers blood to the aorta. The right ventricle receives blood from the right atrium and pumps it into the pulmonary artery.
Ventricul/o
Ventricle- Of Heart or Brain  
Ventricular Fibrillation (VF or V-Fib)
Dysrhythmia in which the heart is in a state of disorganized electrical and mechanical activity, resulting in a lack of blood flow; treated with defibrillation; disorganized, ineffective twitching of the ventricles, resulting in no blood flow and a state of cardiac arrest.
Ventricular tachycardia
A rapid heart rhythm in which the electrical impulse begins in the ventricle (instead of the atrium), which may result in inadequate blood flow and eventually deteriorate into cardiac arrest.
Venul/o
Venule  
Venules
The smallest veins; very small, thin-walled vessels.
VER-VH
Verm/i
Worm  
Verruc/i
Wart  
-Verse
To Turn  
-Version
To Turn  
Vers/o, -Verse
Turn; Turning  
Vertebr/o
Vertebra  
Vertebrae
The 33 bones that make up the spinal column.
Vertebral column
The spine, formed of a number of individual bones called vertebrae and two composite bones (sacrum and cocyx).
Vertex presentation
A delivery in which the head comes out first.
Vertical axis
The vertical axis passes vertically from inferior to superior and is formed by the intersection of the sagital and frontal (coronal) planes.
Vesic/o
Urinary Bladder  
Vesicants
Blister agents; the primary route of entry for vesicants is through the skin.
Vesicul/o
Seminal Vesicle  
Vesicular breath sounds
Normal breath sounds made by air moving in and out of the alveoli.
Vesicular follicle
A mature ovarian follicle; also called Graafian follicle.
Vestibul/o
Vestibule of the Inner Ear  
VHF (Very High Frequency)
Radio frequencies between 30 and 300 MHz; the VHF spectrum is further divided into "high" and "low" bands.
VI-VN
Vibrations
Swedish Massage Technique that uses oscillations; fine vibrations are very short, fast, almost invisible; coarse vibrations are large and more observable; static vibrations use continuous contact staying in the same spot; running vibrations use continuous contact with the clients tissue gliding over the skin.
Vicarious traumatization
The cumulative effect of working with survivors of traumatic life events. (See also Secondary traumatization.)  
Villi
Fingerlike projections of the small intestinal mucosa that tremendously increase its surface area for absorption.
Vir/o
Virus  
Viral Hemorrhagic Fever (VHF)
A group of diseases caused by viruses that include the Ebola, Rift Valley, and Yellow fevers, among others. This group of viruses causes the blood in the body to seep out from the tissues and blood vessels.
Virulence
The strength or ability of a pathogen to produce disease.
Virulent
A quality of organisms that readily cause disease.
Viruses
Germs that require a living host to multiply and survive.
Viscer/o
Internal Organs  
Viscera
The internal organs.
Visceral
Pertaining to the internal part of a structure or the internal organs.
Visceral pain
Pain that results from the stimulation of receptors or an abnormal condition in the viscera (internal organs).
Visceral pleura
Thin membrane that covers the lungs.
Viscoelasticity
The combination of resistance offered by a fluid to a change of form and the ability of material to return to its original state after deformation. This term describes connective tissue.
Viscosity
The state of being sticky or thick.
Visual acuity
Tha ability of the eye to distinguish detail.
Vit/o
Life  
Vital capacity
The volume of air that can be expelled from the lungs by forcible expiration after the deepest inspiration total exchangeable air.
Vital signs
The key signs that are used to evaluate the patient's overall condition, including respirations, pulse, blood pressure, level of consciousness, and skin characteristics.
Vitamins
Organic compounds required by the body in minute amounts for physiological maintenance and growth.
Vitr/o
Vitreous Body- Of the Eye  
Vitre/o
Glass  
Vitreous humor
A gel-like substance that helps prevent the eyeball from collapsing inward by reinforcing it internally.
Viv/o
Life  
VO-VZ
Vocal cords
Thin white bands of tough muscular tissue that are lateral borders of the glottis and serve as the primary center for speech production.
Volatility
A term used to describe how long a chemical agent will stay on a surface before it evaporates.
-Volemia
Blood Volume  
Voluntary activities
Actions that we consciously perform, in which sensory input or conscious thought determines a specific muscular activity.
Voluntary muscle
Muscle composed of cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvious striations; the muscle(s) attached to the body's skeleton; also called skeletal muscle; muscle under control of the will.
Volv/o, Volut/o
To Roll  
Vomitus
Vomited material.
V/Q ratio
A measurement that examines how much gas is being moved effectively and how much blood is gaining access to the alveoli.
Vulv/o
Vulva  
Vulva
Female external genitalia.

 

     

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