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Massage Therapy Terminology & Glossary



F

 

 
Info Link
F-FH
 
Facet
A smooth small plane or concave surface on a bone.
Faci/o
Face  
-Facient
To cause, make happen  
Facilitated diffusion
The transport of substances by carriers to which the substance binds to move the substance into a cell along the concentratoin gradient without energy.
Fair use
A doctrine that allows limited reproduction of copyrighted works for educational and research purposes.  
Fallopian tube
The oviduct, the tube through which the ovum is transported to the uterus; also called uterine tube; the tube that connect each ovary with the uterus and are the primary location for fertilization of the ovum.
False imprisonment
The confinement of a person without legal authority or the person's consent.
Fasci/o
Fascia  
Fascia
A general term for a layer or layers of loose or dense fibrous connective tissue. A fibrous membrane covering, supporting, stabilizing, enclosing, and separating muscles; the substance tissue that connects the skin to the muscles; the fiberlike connective tissue that covers arteries, veins, tendons, and ligaments.
Fascicle
A bundle of muscle fibers; a bundle of nerve or muscle fibers bound together by connective tissue.
Fatty acid
A building block of fats.
Febr/i
Fever  
Febrile
Pertaining to elevated body temperature; a body temperature of over 100 degrees Fahrenheit commonly is considered febrile.
Febrile seizures
Seizures that result from sudden high fevers, particularly in children.
Feces
Material discharged from the bowel composed of food residue, secretions, and bacteria.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC)
The federal agency that has jurisdiction over interstate and international telephone and telegraph services and satellite communications, all of which may involve EMS activity.
Feedback
The transmission of evaluative or corrective information about an action, event, or process.  
Feedback loop
A self-regulated control system in the body that receives information, integrates that information, and provides a response to maintain homeostasis. Negative feedback reverses the original stimulus, whereas positive feedback enhances and maintains the stimulus.
Feldenkrais method
A movement therapy that seeks to re-educate the body and mind through movements that tap into the nervous system's own innate processes to change and refine functioning. Developed by Moshe Feldenkrais.  
Femor/o
Femur  
Femoral
Pertaining to the thigh.
Femoral artery
The principal artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery; supplies blood to the lower abdominal wall, external genitalia, and legs; palpated in the groin area.
Femoral head
The proximal end of the femur, articulating with the acetabulum to form the hip joint.
Femur
The thighbone; the longest and one of the strongest bones in the body.
-Ferent
To carry (efferent- away from center/afferent- toward center)  
Ferr/i, Ferr/o
Iron  
Fertilization
Fusion of nuclear material of an egg and a sperm.
Fet/o
Fetus  
Fetal alcohol syndrome
A condition of infants who are born to women who consume alcohol during pregnancy; characterized by growth and physical problems, mental retardation, and a variety of congenital abnormalities.
Fetus
The unborn young; in humans the period from the third month of development until birth; the developing, unborn infant inside the uterus.
Feverall (Rx)
Brand names; Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol. Generic name; Acetaminophen. Classified as a Nonopioid pain reliever. It reduces fever and is a mild analgesic used in the treatment of Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD), frozen shoulder, migraine headache, tension headache, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid arthritis, sprains and strains, tendinosis, and transmandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD). It works by elevating the body's overall pain threshold so you feel less pain. It also eliminates excess heat for fever reducing. Clients who take Anacin, Feverall, Panadol, and Tylenol may experience liver damage from prolonged use. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.
Fexofenadine hydrochloride (Rx)
Brand name; Allegra. Generic name; Fexofenadine hydrochloride. Classified as an Antihistamine. It relieves seasonal allergy symptoms, used for treatment of seasonal allergies. It works by reducing the effects of histamine, a natural chemical that the body releases to tackle allergens by producing sneezing, watery eyes, and runny nose. Clients who take Allegra may experience fatigue or drowsiness. It is best to not position prone, and help client on/off table if needed.
FI-FK
 
Fibr/o
Fiber  
Fibrillation
Irregular, uncoordinated contraction of muscle cells, particularly of the heart musculature.
Fibrin
The fibrous insoluble protein that is converted to fibrin during blood clotting.
Fibrinogen
A blood protein that is converted to fibrin during blood clotting.
Fibrocartilage
A connective tissue that permits little motion in joints and structures, is found in places such as the intervertebral disks, and forms our ears.
Fibromyalgia
A syndrome with symptoms of widespread pain or aching, persistent fatigue, generalized morning stiffness, nonrestorative sleep, and multiple tender points. A disrupted sleep pattern, coupled with the dysfunction of myofascial repair mechanisms, seems to be a factor.
Fibros/o
Fibrous connective tissue  
Fibrous joint
A joint in which the components are connected by fibrous tissue. An articulation in which fibrous tissue connects bone directly to bone; bones joined by fibrous tissue; no joint cavity is present. A synarthrotic or immovable joint such as the sutures in the skull.
Fibrous protein
A strandlike protein that appears most often in body structures; they are very important in binding structures together and for providing strength in certain body tissues.
Fibul/o
Fibula  
Fibula
The outer and smaller bone of the two bones of the lower leg.
Fibular
Pertaining to the area of the fibula, the lateral bone of the lower leg.
-Fication
Process of making  
-Fida
Split  
Fiduciary
A legal or ethical relationship of trust between two or more parties.  
Fil/i, Fil/o, Filament/o
Thread or threadlike  
Filtration
The passage of a solvent and dissolved substances through a membrane or filter.
Finance
In incident command, the position in an incident responsible for accounting of all expenditures.
First-responder vehicles
Specialized vehicles used to transport EMS equipment and personnel to the scene of medical emergencies.
Fissure
A groove or cleft; the deepest depression or inward folds on the brain.
Fistula
A tract that is open at both ends through which abnormal connection occurs between two surfaces.
Five
Pent-, penta-, quinque-  
Five Element Shiatsu
This method identifies a pattern of disharmony through use of the four examinations and to harmonize patterns with an appropriate treatment plan. Radial pulse, palpation of the back and/or abdomen and a detailed verbal history serve to confirm the assessment.  
Fixator
One of the stabilizing muscles surrounding a joint or body part that contracts to fixate, or stabilize, the area, enabling another limb or body segment to exert force and move; muscle acting to immobilize a joint or a bone; fixes the origin of a muscle so that muscle actions can be exerted at the insertion.
FL-FN
 
Flaccid
A term used to describe a muscle with decreased or absent tone; soft; flabby; relaxed.
Flagella
Long, whiplike extensions of the cell membrane of some bacteria and of sperm; serve to propel the cell.
Flail chest
A condition in which two or more ribs are fractured in two or more places or in association with a fracture of the sternum so that a segment of the chest wall is effectively detached from the rest of the thoracic cage.
Flame burn
A burn caused by an open flame.
Flank
The posterior region below the margin of the lower rib cage.
Flashback
The experience of reliving or re-experiencing a traumatic event as if it is occurring or is imminent.  
Flash burn
A burn caused by exposure to very intense heat, such as in an explosion.
Flav/o
Yellow  
Flex/o
To bend  
Flex
To bend.
Flexeril (Rx)
Brand name; Flexeril. Generic name; Cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride. Classified as a Skeletal muscle relaxant. It relieves muscle spasm in the treatment of Degenerative disc disease (DDD), Fibromyalgia, and muscle spasm. It works by blocking nerve impulses (or pain sensations) that are trying to be sent to the brain. Clients who take Flexeril may experience tachycardia, drowsiness, dry mouth, or constipation. It is best to use deep tissue massage techniques with caution. Abdominal massage might relieve constipation. Offer water during session and help the client on/off the table.
Flexibility
The ability to readily adapt to changes in position or alignment; may be expressed as normal, limited, or excessive.
Flexible stretcher
A stretcher that is a rigid carrying device when secured around a patient but can be folded or rolled when not in use.
Flexion
A movement that decreases the angle between two bones as the body part moves out of the anatomic position; bending; the movement that decreases the angle between bones; the bending of a joint.
Fluor/o
Luminous  
Fluoxetine hydrochloride (Rx)
Brand name; Prozac. Generic name; Fluoxetine hydrochloride. Classified as a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI). It relieves obsessive-compulsive behaviors, and is an antidepressant used for treatment of Fibromyalgia and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It works by affecting chemicals in the brain that become unbalanced. Clients who take Prozac may experience insomnia, abdominal pain, nausea, constipation, and diarrhea. It is best to use abdominal massage to help constipation. Help client on/off the table, and do not let client fall asleep (may disrupt sleep patterns).
Flutter valve
A one-way valve that allows air to leave the chest cavity but not return; formed by taping three sides of an occlusive dressing to the chest wall, leaving the fourth side open as a valve.
FO-FR
 
Focus
Creation of a sharp image by the lens.
Focused assessment
A type of physical assessment that is typically performed on patients who have sustained nonsignificant mechanisms of injury or on responsive medical patients. This type of examination is based on the chief complaint and focuses on one body system or part.
Follicle
Structure in an ovary consisting of a developed egg surrounded by follicle cells; colloid-containing structure in the thyroid gland.
Follicul/o
Follicle; small sac  
Fontanels
Areas of the skull of an infant in which the bone formation is incomplete. The frontanels allow for compression of the skull as the infant travels through the birth canal and expansion as the brain grows; the fibrous membranes in the skull where bone has not yet formed; babies "soft spot"; areas where the infant's skull has not fused together; usually disappear at approximately 18 months of age.
Foodborne transmission
The contamination of food or water with an organism that can cause disease.
Foramen
A hole or opening in a bone or between body cavities, such as the foramen magnum of the skull.
Foramen magnum
A large opening at the base of the skull through which the brain connects to the spinal cord.
Force
Any push or pull on an object in an attempt to affect motion or shape.
Forcible restraint
The act of physically preventing an individual from initiating any physical action.
Fore-
Before, in front  
Forearm
The portion of the upper limb between the elbow and wrist joints.
-Form
Resembling; In the shape of  
Formed elements
Cellular portion of the blood.
Fossa
A depression in the surface or at the end of a bone; often an articular surface.
Four
Quadri, tetra-  
Four-person log roll
The recommended procedure for moving a patient with a suspected spinal injury from the ground to a long backboard.
Fovea/o
Small pit or depression  
Fovea
A pit
Fracture
A break in the continuity of a bone.
Framework
The logistics by which practitioners define themselves as professional and create a safe atmosphere for clients. Framework includes the way we present ourselves in advertising, the preparation of the physical setting, policies on fees and time, and such ground rules as keeping the focus on the client.  
Franchise systems
Business models in which a company with a successful product or business system allows other businesses to operate in a particular territory under their trade name for a fee.  
Fraud
A criminal act of intentional deception by false representation of a matter of fact, made for personal gain or to damage another individual.  
Freelancing
When individual units or different organizations make independent and often inefficient decisions about the next appropriate action.
Free nerve endings
Sensory recptors that detect itch and tickle sensations.
Freight bills
The shipping papers used for transport of chemicals along roads and highways; also referred to as bills of lading.
Frig/o, Frigid/o
Cold  
Frontal (coronal) axis

A horizontal line dividing left and right and is formed by the intersection of the frontal or coronal and transverse planes.

Frontal (coronal) plane
A vertical plane perpendicular to the sagittal plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior (front and back) portions, also called the coronal plane about which movements of ABduction and ADduction take place; a longitudinal plane that divides the body or an organ into anterior and posterior parts. The terms anterior and posterior relate to the frontal plane.
Frostbite
Damage to tissues as the result of exposure to cold; frozen or partially frozen body parts are frostbitten.
FS-FZ
 
Full-body scan
A systematic head-to-toe examination that is performed during the secondary assessment on a patient who has sustained a significant mechanism of injury, is unconscious, or is in critical condition.
Full-thickness (third-degree) burns
Burns that affects all skin layers and may affect the subcutaneous layers, muscle, bone, and internal organs, leaving the area dry, leathery, and white, dark brown, or charred.
Funct/o
Performance  
Functional disorder
A disorder in which there is no known physiologic reason for the abnormal functioning of an organ or organ system.
Functional protein
A protein whose functional structure is basically spherical, also referred to as globular protein; includes hemoglobin enzymes and some hormones.
Fundus
The base of an organ; that part farthest from the opening of the organ; the dome-shaped top of the uterus.
Fung/i
Fungus; Mushroom (organism lacking chlorophyll)  
Furc/o
Forking; Branching  
Fusc/o
Dark brown  
-Fusion
To pour; To come together  
Fuzeon (Rx)
Brand name; Fuzeon. Generic name; Enfuvirtide. Classified as an Anti-HIV and Antiviral. It controls symptoms of HIV infection used for treatment of HIV/AIDS. It works by decreasing the amount of HIV in the body so the immune system can work better. Clients who take Fuzeon may experience peripheral neuropathy, depression, bruising, abdominal pain, constipation, or diarrhea. Deep tissue techniques are contraindicated. Gentle abdominal massage may help relieve constipation. Perform neuropathy protocol and be supportive in actions and words.

 

     

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