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Massage Therapy Terminology & Glossary



G

 

 
Info Link
G-GD
 
G agents
Early nerve agents that were developed by German scientists in the period after World War I and into World War II. There are three such agents: sarin, soman, and tabun.
Gabapentin (Rx)
Brand name; Neurontin. Generic name; Gabapentin. Classified as an Anticonvulsant. It prevents and treats partial seizures, and relieves neuralgia. Is also used for treatment of Chronic fatigue syndrome and neuropathy. It works by affecting chemicals and nerves in the body that are involved in the causing of seizures. Clients who take Neurontin may experience amnesia, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, and constipation. It is best to place a reminder call the day before the appointment. Abdominal massage my help relieve constipation, help client on/off the table if needed.
Gabitril (Rx)
Brand name; Gabitril. Generic name; Tiagabine hydrochloride. Classified as an Anticonvulsant. It prevents partial seizures and is used for treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is believed to affect the neurotransmitters in the brain that slow down communication between nerves. Clients who take Gabitril may experience dizziness, drowsiness, language problems, and abdominal pain. It is best to avoid prone position depending on comfort, help client on/off the table, and speak slowly.
Gag reflex
A normal reflex mechanism that causes retching; activated by touching the soft palate or the back of the throat.
Gait
The rhythmic and alternating motions of the legs, trunk, and arms resulting in the propulsion of the body.
Gait cycle
Subdivided into the stance phase and swing phase, this cycle begins when the heel of one foot strikes the floor and continues until the same heel strikes the floor again.
Galact/o
Milk  
Gallbladder
A small 3 to 4 inch sac that stores and concentrates bile; the sac beneath the right lobe of the liver used for bile storage; a sac on the undersurface of the liver that collects bile from the liver and discharges it into the duodenum through the common bile duct.
Gallstones
Particles of hardened cholesterol or calcium salts that are occasionally formed in the gallbladder and bile ducts.
Gamete
Male or female sex cell; sperm/egg.
Gametogenesis
The formation of gametes.
Gamma (x-ray)
A type of energy that is emitted from a strong radiologic source that is far faster and stronger than alpha and beta rays; these rays easily penetrate through the human body and require lead or several inches of concrete to prevent penetration.
Ganglion/o
Ganglion; Collection of nerve bodies  
Ganglion
Cystic, round, usually nontender swellings located along tendon sheaths or joint capsules; a group of nerve cell bodies located in the peripheral nervous system.
Gastr/o
Stomach  
Gastric distention
A condition in which air fills the stomach, often as a result of high volume and pressure during artificial ventilation.
Gastric tube
An advanced airway adjunct that provides a channel directly into a patient's stomach, allowing for removal of gas, blood, and toxins and for instilling medications and nutrition.
Gastrin
A hormone that stimulates gastric secretion, especially hydrochloric acid release.
Gauge
A measure of the interior diameter of the catheter; it is inversely proportional to the true diameter of the catheter.
GE-GH
 
Ge/o
Earth, soil  
Gel/o
To freeze, congeal  
Gel
A semiliquid substance that is administered orally in capsule form or through plastic tubes.
Gemell/o
Twins  
-Gen
Substance that produces  
Gender identity
The personal concept of self as male, female, or neither. Most people develop an identity that matches their biological sex. However, some experience their gender identity as different from their biological or assigned sex.  
Gene
Biological unit of heredity located in chromatin; transmits hereditary information.
General adaptation syndrome
The method the body uses to mobilize different defense mechanisms when threatened by actual or preceived harmful stimuli; the body's response to stress that begins with an alarm response, followed by a stage of reaction and resistance, and then recovery or, if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion.
General impression
The overall initial impression that determines the priority for patient care; based on the patient's surroundings, the mechanism of injury, signs and symptoms, and the chief complaint.
Generalized seizure
A seizure characterized by severe twitching of all of the body's muscles that may last several minutes or more; formerly known as a grand mal seizure.
Generalized tonic-clonic seizure
A seizure that features rhythmic back-and-forth motion of an extremity and body stiffness.
Generic name
The original chemical name of a medication (in contrast with one of its "trade names"); the name is not capitalized.
-Genesis
Producing; forming  
Genetics
The science of heredity.
-Genic
Produced by or in  
Geni/o
Chin  
Genit/o
Reproduction  
Genital system
The reproductive system in males and females.
Genitalia
The external sex organs.
Genu valgum
"Knock-knees," defined as a lateral displacement of the distal end of the distal bone in the joint.
Genu Varum
"Bowlegs," defined as a medial displacement of the distal end of the distal bone in the joint.
Geotagging
The process of adding location-based metadata to any media, such as photos or videos, to social networking posts.  
Ger/o
Old age  
Geriatrics
The assessment and treatment of disease in someone who is 65 years or older.
Germ layers
The initial or primary tissues formed in the embryo (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm) from which all body tissues arise.
Germinal layer
The deepest layer of the epidermis where new skin cells are formed.
Geront/o
Old age  
Gesalt theory
This psychological theory emphasizes the organized character of human experience and behavior. It views boundaries from an interactive perspective that are described as existing in relationships between individuals.  
Gest/o
Pregnancy  
Gestation
The period of fetal growth from conception until birth.
Gestational diabetes
Diabetes that develops during pregnancy in women who did not have diabetes before pregnancy.
Gester/o
Pregnancy  
GI-GN
 
Gibbus
An angular deformity of a collapsed vertebra, the causes of which include metastatic cancer and tuberculosis of the spine.
Gigant/o
Huge  
Gingiv/o
Gum  
Gingiva
The gums.
Gland
An organ specialized to secrete or excrete substances for further use in the body or for elimination.
Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS)
Standardized rating system used to evaluate the degree of consciousness impairment based on eye opening, motor response, and verbal response; points are scored for the patient's best response in each of the three categories; An evaluation tool used to determine level of consciousness, which evaluates and assigns point values (scores) for eye opening, verbal response, and motor response, which are then totaled; effective in helping predict patient outcomes.
Glauc/o
Gray  
Glaucoma
An abnormal increase of the pressure within the eye.
Glenoid fossa
The part of the scapula that joins with the humeral head to form the glenohumeral joint.
Gli/o
Glial cells; Neuroglial cells  
Glia
The nonneuronal tissue of the central nervous system that performs supportive and other functions; also called neuroglia.
Gliding joints
Known also as synovial planes, gliding joints allow only a gliding motion in various planes.
Globe
The eyeball.
-Globin
Protein  
Globular protein
A protein whose functional structure is basically spherical, also referred to as functional protein; includes hemoglobin enzymes and some hormones.
-Globulin
Protein  
Glomerul/o
Glomerulus  
Glomerular capsule
Walled cuplike end of a renal tubule; encloses a glomerulus; also called Bowman's capsule.
Glomerulus
A knot of coiled capillaries in the kidney; forms filtrate.
Gloss/o
Tongue  
Glottis
The opening between the vocal cords in the larynx; the space in between the vocal cords that is the narrowest portion of the adult's airway; also called the glottic opening.
Gluc/o
Glucose; Sugar  
Glucose
Simple sugar used by the cell for energy; derived from the digestion of complex carbohydrates that are eaten, from the breakdown of glycogen in the liver, or by conversion of protein in the liver; the principal sugar in the blood; a monosaccharide; one of the basic sugars; it is primary fuel, in conjunction with oxygen, for cellular metabolism.
Glyc/o
Glucose; Sugar  
Glycerol
A sugar alcohol; one of the building blocks of fats.
Glycogen/o
Glycogen; Animal starch  
Glycogen
The main carbohydrate stored in animal cells; a polysaccharide.
Glycogenesis
Formation of glycogen from glucose.
Glycogenolysis
Breakdown of glycogen to glucose.
Glycolysis
Breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid; an anaerobic process.
Glycos/o
Glucose; Sugar  
Gnath/o
Jaw  
Gnos/o
Knowledge  
GO-GZ
 
Goblet cells
Individual cells (simple glands) that produce mucus.
Goiter
A benign enlargement of the thyroid gland.
Golden Period
The time from injury to definitive care, during which treatment of shock and traumatic injuries should occur because survival potential is best.
Gon/o
Seed  
Gonad/o
Sex glands  
Gonads
Organs producing gametes; ovaries or testes.
Goni/o
Angle  
Gonorrhea
A sexually transmitted disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Good air exchange
A term used to distinguish the degree of distress in a patient with a mild airway obstruction. With good air exchange, the patient is still conscious and able to cough forcefully, although wheezing may be heard.
Good Samaritan laws
Statutory provisions enacted by many states to protect citizens from liability for errors and omissions in giving good faith emergency medical care, unless there is wanton, gross, or willful negligence.
Governmental immunity
If your service is covered by immunity, it may mean that you cannot be sued or it may limit the amount of the monetary judgment that the plaintiff may recover; generally applies only to EMS services that are operated by municipalities or other governmental entities.
Graafian follicle
A mature ovarian follicle; also called Vesicular follicle.
-Grade
To go  
Graded potential
A local change in membrane potential that varies directly with the strength of the stimulus, declines with distance.
Graded response
A local change in membrane response that varies directly with the strength of the stimulus.
-Gram
Record  
Granul/o
Granule(s)
-Graph
Instrument for recording  
Graph/o
Writing  
-Graphy
Process of recording  
Gravid/o
Pregnancy  
-Gravida
Pregnant women  
Gray matter
Unmyelinated nervous tissue, particularly found in the central nervous system (CNS); the gray area of the (CNS) central nervous system; contains unmyelinated nerve fibers and nerve cell bodies.
Greater trochanter
A bony prominence on the proximal lateral side of the thigh, just below the hip joint.
Groin
The junction of the thigh and the trunk; the inguinal area.
Gross anatomy
The study of body structures visible to the naked eye.
Gross negligence
Conduct that constitutes a willful or reckless disregard for a duty or standard of care.
Ground substance
The medium in which the cells and protein fibers are suspended. Ground substance is usually clear and colorless and has the consistency of thick syrup.
Grunting
An "uh" sound heard during exhalation; reflects the child's attempt to keep the alveoli open; a sign of increased work of breathing.
Guarding
Involuntary muscle contractions (spasms) of the abdominal wall in an effort to protect an inflamed abdomen; a sign of peritonitis.
Gustation
Taste.
Gynec/o
Woman; Female  
Gyr/o
Circle, spiral  
Gyrus
An outward fold of the surface on the cerebral cortex.

 

     

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