Register Now!
Click below to choose MBLEx, NCETMB or NCETM Subscription
MBLEx
1 Month Access
6 Month Access
1 Year Access
NCETMB
1 Month Access
3 Month Access
6 Month Access
1 Year Access
NCETM
1 Month Access
3 Month Access
6 Month Access
1 Year Access
EBOOKS
MBLEX 500
NCETM 500
NCETMB 500

100% Money Back Guarantee

100% Pass Guarantee
Terms and Guarantee

"Thanks for your website. I passed my National Massage boards with high marks and
your website helped me learn where to focus my studying...... A solid investment to anyone studying for their boards."
Julie
Portland, Oregon
.

Massage Exam, License and Certification Information by State
Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
District
Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Massage Therapy Terminology & Glossary



H

 

 
Info Link
H-HD
 
Hair follicles
The small organs that produce hair.
Half
Demi, hemi, semi  
Half-life
The amount of time required for half of a hormone to be eliminated from the bloodstream.
Hallucin/o
Hallucination  
Hallucinogens
Agents that produce false perceptions in any one of the five senses.
Hamstring muscles
The posterior thigh muscles; the biceps femoris, semimembranosus, and semitendinosus.
Hapl/o
Simple, single  
Harassment
The act of systematic and/or continued unwanted and disturbing actions of one party or a group, including threats, pressure, intimidation, and demands.  
Hay fever
An allergic response usually to outdoor airborne allergens such as pollen or sometimes indoor allergens such as dust mites or pet dander; also called allergic rhinitis.
Hazardous material
Any substance that is toxic, poisonous, radioactive, flammable, or explosive and causes injury or death with exposure.
Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT)
Chemical substances (solid, gas, or liquid) that are toxic to humans; unprotected exposure to these chemicals may result in severe illness or death; they may be poisonous, flammable, explosive, carcinogenic, or environmentally pollutant; HAZMAT is the part of emergency services that handles these field situations.
Hazardous Materials (HazMat) incident
Any incident in which a hazardous material is no longer properly contained and isolated.
HE-HEH
 
Head tilt-Chin lift maneuver
A combination of two movements to open the airway by tilting the forehead back and lifting the chin; not used for trauma patients; maneuver that opens the airway of unconscious patients; the neck is extended with one hand on the forehead and one hand under the chin.
Healing Touch
A holistic energy therapy that uses gentle, noninvasive touch to influence and support the human energy system within and surrounding the body. The goal of healing Touch is to restore harmony, energy, and balance within the human energy system.
Health
A condition of homeostasis resulting in a state of physical, emotional, social, and spiritual well-being.
Health care directive
Written documentation that specifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient become unable to make decisions; also called a living will or advance directive.
Health care proxies
A type of advance directive executed by a competent adult that appoints another individual to make medical treatment decisions on his or her behalf in the event that the person making the appointment loses decision making capacity; also known as a durable power of attorney for health care.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
This act addresses the use and disclosure of individuals' health information, the rights granted to individuals, and breach notification requirements. Federal legislation passed in 1996; its main effect in bodywork or EMS is in limiting availability of patients' health care information and personalizing violations of patient privacy.
Heart
The pump of the cardiovascular system; the heart is hollow, cone-shaped, and about the size of a fist and is located in the mediastinum of the thoracic cavity. The myocardium is the heart muscle itself, the endocardium is the thin inner lining, and the epicardium is the outer membrane; a hollow muscular organ that pumps blood throughout the body.
Heart block
Impaired transmission of impulses from atrium to ventricle.
Heart murmur
An abnormal heart sound, usually resulting from valve problems.
Heart rate
The number of cardiac cycles in 1 minute. In the average, healthy person the rate works out to be 60 to 70 cycles or beats per minute; the number of heartbeats during a specific time.
Heart sounds
The two main sounds resulting from the closure of the valves. Murmurs are extra sounds, such as those resulting from faulty valves.
Heart valves
Four sets of valves that keep the blood flowing in the correct direction through the heart.
Heat cramps
Painful, brief muscle cramps, occur during exercise or work in a hot environment, can occur a few hours later; painful muscle spasms usually associated with vigorous activity in a hot environment.
Heat exhaustion
Dehydration that occurs after being exposed to high temperatures for several days, profuse sweating and pale skin; water depletion= excessive thirst, weakness, headache, and loss of consciousness; salt depletion= nausea and vomiting, frequent muscle cramps, and dizziness; a form of heat injury in which the body loses significant amounts of fluid and electrolytes because of heavy sweating; also called heat prostration or heat collapse.
Heatstroke
A life-threatening condition of severe hyperthermia caused by exposure to excessive natural or artificial heat, marked by warm, dry skin; severely altered mental status; and often irreversible coma; the failure of the heat-regulating ability of an individual under heat stress; results from prolonged exposure to high temperatures, usually in combination with dehydration; a core body temperature greater than 105 degrees, red, hot and dry skin, lack of sweating; nausea, seizures, confusion, disorientation, and sometimes loss of consciousness or coma can occur; also called sunstroke.
Heat syncope
Fainting as a result of overheating, inadequate water or salts.
Heimlich maneuver
The preferred method to dislodge a severe airway obstruction in adults and children; also called the Abdominal-thrust maneuver.
Helc/o
Ulcer  
-Helminth
Worm  
Helper T cells
The type of T lymphocyte that orchestrates cellular immunity by direct contact with other immune cells and by releasing chemicals called lymphokines; also helps to mediate the humoral response by interacting with B cells.
HEM-HEO
 
Hem/o
Blood  
Hemat/o
Blood  
Hematemesis
Vomited blood.
Hematocrit
The percentage of erythrocytes to total blood volume.
Hematology
The study and prevention of blood-related disorders.
Hematoma
A mass of blood in the soft tissues beneath the skin.
Hematopoiesis
Formation of blood cells.
Hematuria
Blood in the urine.
Hemi-
Half  
Hemiparesis
Partial paralysis that affects only one side of the body; weakness on one side of the body.
Hemiplagia
Total paralysis that affects only one side of the body.
Hemocytoblasts
Stem cells that give rise to all the formed elements of the blood.
Hemoglobin/o
Hemoglobin  
Hemoglobin
The oxygen-carrying, red-colored molecule in the blood; the oxygen-transporting pigment of erythrocytes.
Hemolysis
The rupture of erythrocytes.
Hemolytic crisis
A rapid destruction of red blood cells that occurs faster that the body's ability to create new cells.
Hemophilia
An inherited clotting defect caused by absence of a bloodclotting factor; a congenital abnormality in which the body is unable to produce clots, which results in uncontrollable bleeding.
Hemopneumothorax
The accumulation of blood and air in the pleural space of the chest.
Hemoptysis
Coughing up blood.
Hemorrhage
The severe passage of blood outside of the cardiovascular system; the loss of blood from the vessels by flow through ruptured walls; bleeding.
Hemorrhagic stroke
One of the two main types of stroke; occurs as a result of bleeding inside the brain.
Hemothorax
A collection of blood in the pleural cavity.
HEP-HN
 
Hepat/o
Liver  
Hepatic portal system
The circulation in which the hepatic portal vein carries dissolved nutrients from the digestive tract to the liver for processing.
Hepatitis
Inflammation of the liver; caused by a viral infection, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.
Heredo-
Heredity  
Hering-Breuer reflex
A protective mechanism that terminates inhalation, thus preventing overexpansion of the lungs.
Herni/o
Hernia  
Hernia
Weakness in a muscle or structure that allows for protrusion of a muscle, organ, or structure through the resulting opening; the protrusion of a loop of an organ or tissue through an abnormal body opening.
Herpes simplex
A DNA virus that causes painful blisters and small ulcers in and around the mouth and on the genital area; virus caused by human herpesviruses 1 and 2, characterized by small blisters whose location depends on the type of virus, Type 2 results in blisters on the genital area, while Type 1 results in blisters in nongenital areas.
-Hexia
Habit  
Hidr/o
Sweat  
High-energy bonds
Covalent bonds created in specific organic substrates in the presence of enzymes.
High-level disinfection
The killing of pathogenic agents by using potent means of disinfection.
Hilum / Hilus
A depressed area where vessels enter and leave an organ.
Hinge joint
Joint that allows flexion and extension in one direction, changing the angle of the bones at the joint, like a door hinge; joints that can bend and straighten but cannot rotate; they restrict motion to one plane.
Hirsut/o
Hairy  
Hirund/i
Leech  
Hist/o
Tissue  
Histamine
Substance released by the immune system in allergic reactions that are responsible for many of the symptoms of anaphylaxis, such as vasodilation; a neurotransmitter that is considered a stimulant; histamine is released by the mast cells as part of the inflammatory process and can cause itching; a substance that causes vasodilation and increased vascular permeability.
Histi/o
Tissue  
Histology
The branch of anatomy dealing with the microscopic structure of tissues.
History taking
A step within the patient assessment process that provides detail about the patient's chief complaint and an account of the patient's signs and symptoms.
HO-HT
 
Hollow organs
Structures through which materials pass, such as the stomach, small intestines, large intestines, ureters, and bladder.
Holo-
Entire, complete  
Home/o
Sameness; unchanging; constant  
Homeostasis
The relatively constant state of the internal environment of the body that is maintained by adaptive responses; specific control and feedback mechanisms are responsible for adjusting body systems to maintain this state; a state of body equilibrium or stable internal environment of the body; a balance of all systems of the body.
Homologous
Parts or organs corresponding in structure but not necessarily in function.
Horizontal ABduction
Movement of the humerus in the horizontal plane away from the midline of the body. Also known as the horizontal extension or transverse ABduction.
Horizontal ADduction
Movement of the humerus in the horizontal plane toward the midline of the body. Also known as the horizontal flexion or transverse ADduction.
Hormon/o
Hormone  
Hormones
Responsible for specific regulatory effects on certain parts or organs; chemical messengers secreted by endocrine glands; substances formed in specialized organs or glands and carried to another organ or group of cells in the same organism; hormones regulate many body functions, including metabolism, growth, and body temperature.
Host
The organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent.
Hot zone
The area immediately surrounding a hazardous materials spill/incident site that is directly dangerous to life and health. All personnel working in the hot zone must wear complete, appropriate protective clothing and equipment. Entry requires approval by the incident commander or other designated officer.
HU-HYO
 
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by HIV, which damages the cells in the body's immune system so that the body is unable to fight infection or certain cancers.
Humer/o
Humerus  
Humerus
The supporting bone of the upper arm.
Humoral immunity
Immunity provided by antibodies released by sensitized B cells and their plasma cell progeny; also called antibody-mediated immunity.
Hyaline
Glassy; transparent
Hyaline cartilage
The thin covering of articular connective tissue on the ends of the bones in freely movable joints in the adult skeleton. Hyaline cartilage forms a smooth, resilient, low-friction surface for the articulation of one bone with another, distributes forces, and helps absorb some of the pressure imposed on the joint surface.
Hydro
Water  
Hydrochloric acid
HCl; acids protein digestion in the stomach; produced by parietal cells.
Hydrogen bond
Weak bond in which a hydrogen atom forms a bridge between two electron-hungry atoms; an important intramolecular bond.
Hydrolysis
The process in which water is used to split a substance into smaller particles.
Hydroplaning
A condition in which the tires of a vehicle may be lifted off the road surface as water "piles up" under them, making the vehicle feel as though it is floating.
Hydrostatic pressure
The pressure of water against the walls of its container.
Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (Rx)
Brand name; Plaquenil. Generic name; Hydroxychloroquine sulfate. Classified as an Antimalarial and Anti-inflammatory. It reduces inflammation and is used for treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (auto-immune disease). No explanation as to how it works. Clients who take Plaquenil may experience irritability, fatigue, anorexia, and abdominal cramps. It is best to be patient with mood swings.
Hydroxyzine embonate (Rx)
Brand name; Atarax. Generic name; Hydroxyzine embonate. Classified as an Antihistamine, sedative, and antispasmodic. It promotes calmness and reduces nausea or vomiting. It is used for the treatment of stress and allergies. It works by blocking histamine. Clients who take Atarax may experience drowsiness or dry mouth. It is best to use deep tissue techniques with caution, and offer water.
Hygr/o
Moisture  
Hymen/o
Hymen  
Hymenoptera
A family of insects that includes bees, wasps, ants, and yellow jackets.
HYP-HYPN
 
Hyper-
Above; Excessive  
Hyperalgesia
An increased sensitivity to pain.
Hyperarousal
A state of constant alertness to danger experienced by the survivor of trauma. It is also described as a chronic state of fight or flight.  
Hypercarbia
Increased carbon dioxide level in the bloodstream.
Hyperextension
A movement that takes the body part further in the direction of the extension, further out of anatomic position.
Hyperglycemia
An abnormally high glucose level in the blood.
Hyperglycemic crisis
A state of unconsciousness resulting from several problems, including ketoacidosis, dehydration because of excessive urination, and hyperglycemia.
Hypermobility
A range of motion of a joint greater than would be permitted normally by the structure. Hypermobility results in instability.
Hyperopia
Farsightedness.
Hyperplasia
An uncontrolled increase in the number of cells of a body part.
Hypersecretion
The excessive release of a hormone
Hypertension
Abnormally high blood pressure; a risk factor for atherosclerosis, stroke, and other vascular events. An increase in systolic and diastolic pressure; blood pressure that is higher than the normal range.
Hypertensive emergency
An emergency situation created by excessively high blood pressure, which can lead to serious complications such as stroke or aneurysm.
Hyperthermia
A condition in which the body core temperature rises to 101 degrees F (38.3 degrees C) or more.
Hypertonic
Excessive, above normal, tone or tension.
Hypertrophy
An increase in the size of a cell, which results in an increase in the size of a body part or organ; an increase in the size of a tissue or organ independent of the body's general growth.
Hyperventilation
Abnormally deep or rapid breathing in excess of physical demands. Process in which minute ventilation is increased above normal; purposely done for patients with head injuries or prolonged apnea; rapid or deep breathing that lowers the blood carbon dioxide level below normal.
Hypervigilance
An enhanced state of sensory sensitivity accompanied by an exaggerated intensity of behaviors or an overfocused narrowing of attention onto one idea, one part of the body, or a particular sensation or feeling. This is usually accompanied by increased anxiety.  
Hyperventilation syndrome (panic attack)
This syndrome occurs in the absence of other physical problems. The respirations of a person who is experiencing hyperventilation syndrome may be as high as 40 shollow breaths/min or as low as only 20 very deep breaths/min.
Hypn/o
Sleep  
Hypnotic
A sleep-inducing effect or agent.
HYPO
 
Hypo-
Deficient; below; under; less then normal  
Hypoglycemia
A condition characterized by a low blood glucose level.
Hypoglycemic crisis
Severe hypoglycemia resulting in changes in mental status.
Hypoperfusion
A condition that occurs when the level of tissue perfusion decreases below that needed to maintain normal cellular functions; also called shock.
Hypophys/o
Pituitary gland  
Hypomobility
A range of motion of a joint less than what would be permitted normally by the structure.
Hyposecretion
The insufficiant release of a hormone.
Hypotension
A decrease in systolic and diastolic pressures. Hypotension is an important manifestation of shock, which causes inadequate blood supply to vital organs; low blood pressure; blood pressure that is lower than the normal range.
Hypothalam/o
Hypothalamus  
Hypothalamus
The region of the diencephalon forming the floor of the third ventricle of the brain.
Hypothermia
Subnormal body temperature; a condition in which the internal body temperature falls below 95 degrees F (35 degrees C), usually as a result of prolonged exposure to cool or freezing temperatures.
Hypotonic
Below normal tone or tension.
Hypovolemic shock
A condition in which low blood volume, due to massive internal or external bleeding or extensive loss of body water, results in inadequate perfusion.
Hypoxia
A dangerous condition in which inadequate oxygen is available to the body tissues and cells.
Hypoxic drive
A "backup system" to control respiration; senses drops in the oxygen level in the blood.
Hypsi-
High  
Hyster/o
Uterus; womb  

 

     

Copyright 2007 - 2014 Massage-Exam.com - National Exams. All rights reserved