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Massage Therapy Terminology & Glossary



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Info Link
NA-ND
Naprelan (Rx)
Brand name; Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, and Naprosyn. Generic name; Naproxen. Classified as a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID). It is an Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, fever reducer used for treatment of whiplash, tendinosis, bursitis, neuropathy, ankylosing spondylosis, osteoarthritis, migraine headache, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and delayed-onset muscle soreness. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain. Clients who take Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, or Naprosyn may experience headache, ringing in the ears, and upset stomach. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.
Naprosyn (Rx)
Brand name; Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, and Naprosyn. Generic name; Naproxen. Classified as a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID). It is an Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, fever reducer used for treatment of whiplash, tendinosis, bursitis, neuropathy, ankylosing spondylosis, osteoarthritis, migraine headache, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and delayed-onset muscle soreness. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain. Clients who take Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, or Naprosyn may experience headache, ringing in the ears, and upset stomach. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.
Naproxen (Rx)
Brand name; Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, and Naprosyn. Generic name; Naproxen. Classified as a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID). It is an Anti-inflammatory, analgesic, fever reducer used for treatment of whiplash, tendinosis, bursitis, neuropathy, ankylosing spondylosis, osteoarthritis, migraine headache, carpal tunnel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and delayed-onset muscle soreness. It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain. Clients who take Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, or Naprosyn may experience headache, ringing in the ears, and upset stomach. It is best to use deep massage with caution and be aware of decreased pain perception.
Narc/o
Numbness; stupor; sleep  
Nares
The nostrils; the external openings of the nostrils. A single nostril opening is called a naris.
Nas/o
Nose  
Nasal
Pertaining to the nose.
Nasal Cannula
Device used to deliver low concentrations of oxygen to patients who need supplemental oxygen but who are not in acute respiratory distress; an oxygen-delivery device in which oxygen flows through two small, tubelike prongs that fit into the patient's nostrils; delivers 24% to 44% supplemental oxygen, depending on the flow rate.
Nasal flaring
Flaring out of the nostrils, indicating that there is an airway obstruction.
Nasopharyngeal (nasal) airway
Airway adjunct inserted into a nostril of an unresponsive patient, or patient with an altered level of consciousness who is unable to maintain airway patency independently; designed to prevent airway obstruction by the tongue.
Nasopharynx
The nasal cavity; formed by the union of facial bones and protects the respiratory tract from contaminants.
Nat/i
Birth  
National EMS Scope of Practice Model
A document created by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) that outlines the skills performed by various EMS providers.
National Incident Management System (NIMS)
A department of Homeland Security system designed to enable federal, state, local governments, private-sector, and nongovernmental organizations to effectively and efficiently prepare for, prevent, respond to, and recover from domestic incidents, regardless of cause, size, or complexity, including acts of catastrophic terrorism.
National Provider Identifier (NPI)
Under HIPAA guidelines, each practitioner who transmits electronically must obtain an assigned NPI.
Natr/o
Sodium  
Nature of illness (NOI)
The general type of illness a patient is experiencing.
NE-NET
Necr/o
Death  
Necrosis
The death or disintegration of a cell or tissues caused by disease or injury.
Nect/o
To bind; tie; connect  
Negative feedback system
A control mechanism that provides a stimulus to decrease a function, such as a fire alarm, which causes a series of reactions that work to reduce the fire; feedback that causes the stimulus to decline or end.
Neglect
Refusal or failure on the part of the caregiver to provide life necessities.
Negligence per se
A theory that may be used when the conduct of the person being sued is alleged to have occurred in clear violation of a statute.
Negligence
Failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide. Careless, not intentional, harm caused by conduct that falls below the standards of behavior established by law for the protection of others against unreasonable risk of harm.
Neisseria meningitides
A form of bacterial meningitis characterized by rapid onset of symptoms, often leading to shock and death.
Neo-
New  
Neonate
Persons who are birth to 1 month of age.
Neoplasm
The abnormal growth of new tissue; also called a tumor, a neoplasm may be benign or malignant; an abnormal growth of cells.
Nephr/o
Kidney  
Nephrons
Structural and functional units of the kidney; the basic filtering units in the kidneys.
Nerve
A bundle of axons or dendrites or both; bundle of neuronal processes (axons) outside the central nervous system.
Nerve agents
A class of chemical called organophosphates; they function by blocking an essential enzyme in the nervous system, which causes the body's organs to become overstimulated and burn out.
Nerve fiber
Axon of a neuron.
Nerve impulse
A self-propagating wave of depolarization; also called an action potential.
Nervous system
Fast-acting control system that employs nerve impulses to trigger muscle contraction or gland secretion; the system that controls virtually all activities of the body, both voluntary and involuntary.
Nervous tissue
A specialized tissue that coordinates and regulates body activity and can develop more excitablity and conductivity than other types of tissue.
NEU-NN
Neupro (Rx)
Brand name; Neupro. Generic name; Rotigotine. Classified as a Dopamine agonist. It reduces symptoms of early stage Parkinson's Disease and is used for treatment of Parkinson's Disease. It works by helping to restore the balance of dopamine in the brain. Clients who take Neupro may experience fatigue, joint pain, dry mouth, and constipation. It is best to not massage around patch. Abdominal massage may help relieve constipation.
Neur/o
Nerve  
Neurilemma
The outer cell membrane of a Schwann cell that is essential in the regeneration of injured axons; the thin membrane spirally wraps the myelin layers of certain fibers, especially of peripheral nerves, or the axons of certain unmyelinated nerve fibers. Also called Schwann's membrane, sheath of Schwann, and endoneural membrane.
Neurogenic shock
Circulatory failure caused by paralysis of the nerves that control the size of the blood vessels, leading to widespread dilation; seen in patients with spinal cord injuries.
Neuroglia
Specialized connective tissue cells that support, protect, and hold neurons together; the nonneuronal tissue of the central nervous system (CNS) that performs supportive and other functions; also called glia.
Neuromuscular junction
The region where a motor neuron comes into close contat with a skeletal muscle cell.
Neurons
Nerve cells that conduct impulses; cells of the nervous system specialized to transmit messages throughout the body.
Neurontin (Rx)
Brand name; Neurontin. Generic name; Gabapentin. Classified as an Anticonvulsant. It prevents and treats partial seizures, and relieves neuralgia. Is also used for treatment of Chronic fatigue syndrome and neuropathy. It works by affecting chemicals and nerves in the body that are involved in the causing of seizures. Clients who take Neurontin may experience amnesia, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, and constipation. It is best to place a reminder call the day before the appointment. Abdominal massage my help relieve constipation, help client on/off the table if needed.
Neuropathy
A group of conditions in which the nerves leaving the spinal cord are damaged, resulting in distortion of signals to or from the brain.
Neurotoxins
Biologic agents that are the most deadly substances known to humans; they include botulinum toxin and ricin.
Neurotransmitters
Chemical compounds that generate action potentials when released in the synapses from presynaptic cells; chemical released by neurons that may, upon binding to receptors of neurons or effector cells, stimulate or inhibit them.
Neutr/o
Neither; neutral; neutrophil  
Neutral fats
Compounds composed of fatty acids and glycerol; fats and oils; also called triglycerides.
Neutralization
A chemical reaction that occurs between an acid and a base; blockage of the harmful effects of bacterial exotoxins or viruses by the binding of antibodies to their functional sites.
Neutron
Subatomic particle; found in the atomic nucleus.
Neutron radiation
The type of energy that is emitted from a strong radiologic source; neutron particles are among the most powerful forms of radiation. Neutrons easily penetrate through lead and require several feet of concrete to stop them.
Neutrophils
The most abundant of the white blood cells.
Nid/o
Nest  
Nine
Noni-  
Nitroglycerin
Medication that dilates blood vessels and decreases the workload on the heart; often used to treat angina pectoris; a medication that increases cardiac perfusion by causing arteries to dilate; you may be allowed to help the patient self-administer the medication.
NO-NT
Noci-
To cause harm; injury or pain  
Nociceptors
Sensory receptors that detect painful or intense stimuli.
Noct/o
Night  
Nod/o
Knot  
-Noia
Mind; will  
Noise
Anything that dampens or obscures the true meaning of a message. Interference of the transfer of information.
Nom/o
Custom; law  
Nomen-
Name  
Nonbulk storage vessels
Any container other than bulk storage containers such as drums, bags, compressed gas cylinders, and cryogenic containers. Nonbulk storage vessels hold commonly used commercial and industrial chemicals such as solvents, industrial cleaners, and compounds.
Nondisplaced fracture
A simple crack in the bone that has not caused the bone to move from its normal anatomic position; also called a hairline fracture.
Non-Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
A diabetic condition that usually occurs in individuals over 40 years of age and usually can be controlled by diet and oral insulin.
Nonmaleficence
The principle of "Do no harm." The partinent ethical issue is whether the benefits outweigh the burdens.  
Nonrebreather mask
Device used to deliver high concentrations of oxygen to patients in acute respiratory distress; has a reservoir bag and a one-way valve to prevent rebreathing.
Nonrebreathing mask
A combination mask and reservoir bag system that is the preferred way to give oxygen in the prehospital setting; delivers up to 90% inspired oxygen and prevents inhaling the exhaled gases (carbon dioxide).
Nonverbal communication
Communication in which people reveal clues to unspoken intentions or feelings through their physical behaviors, such as posture, gestures, facial expressions, and eye movements. Also known as body language.  
Norepinephrine
A catecholamine primarily involved in emotional responses. Norepinephrine is found in the central nervous system (CNS) and the sympathetic (SNS) division of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and causes constriction of blood vessels in the skeletal muscles; a neurotransmitter and drug sometimes used in the treatment of shock; produces vasoconstriction through its alpha-stimulator properties.
Norm/o
Rule; order  
Normal sinus rhythm
A rhythm that has consistant P waves, consistent P-R intervals, and a regular heart rate of between 60 and 100 beats/min.
Nos/o
Disease  
NU-NZ
Nuad Bo ‘Rarn
This utilizes hand techniques and an unique approach to passive movement and stretching in order to open up the veins or energy passages and release chronic tension from the body.  
Nuchal cord
An umbilical cord that is wrapped around the infant's neck.
Nucle/o
Nucleus  
Nucleic acids
The two types of nucleic acid are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA); class of organic molecules that includes DNA and RNA.
Nucleoli
Small spherical bodies in the cell nucleus; function in ribosome synthesis.
Nucleotide
Building block of nucleic acids.
Nucleus
A dense central body in most cells containing the genetic material of the cell.
Nulli-
None  
Nutri/o, Nutrit/o
To nourish  
Nutrients
Essentail elements and molecules obtained from the diet that are required by the body for normal body function.
Nutrition
The use of food for growth and maintenance of the body.
Nyct/o
Night  

 

     

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